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ics Special Colloquium

Monday, February 19, 2018
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204
Note special date.
Wade Hsu [Host: Bob Jones]
Yale University
"New Frontiers of Electromagnetic Phenomena at the Nanoscale"

Optics and photonics today enjoy unprecedented freedom. The ability to synthesize arbitrary light fields (through wavefront shaping) and the ability to design structures at the subwavelength scale (through nanofabrication) enable us to realize phenomena that could only be imagined in the past. In this talk, I will present several experiments and related theory that demonstrate exciting new phenomena which were previously inaccessible. A) Conventional textbook wisdom is that waves cannot be perfectly confined within the continuum spectrum of an open systems. Exceptions called “bound states in the continuum” were hypothesized by von Neumann and Wigner [1] but not realized. I will describe the first realization of such unusual states [2] and their manifestation as polarization vortices protected by topologically conserved “charges” [3]. B) Our ability to control radiation also enables the realization of non-Hermitian phenomena with no counterpart in closed systems. I will show how non-Hermiticity generates unique topologies in photonic band structures and lead to enhanced lightmatter interactions [4,5]. C) Strong disorder in naturally occurring light-scattering media allows us to study mesoscopic physics in a new arena. I will describe the control of optical transport via wavefront shaping, and how the long-range correlations between multiply scattered photons enable us to simultaneously control orders of magnitudes more degrees of freedom than previously thought possible [6,7].


[1] C. W. Hsu*, B. Zhen* et al., Nature Reviews Materials 1, 16048 (2016).

[2] C. W. Hsu*, B. Zhen* et al., Nature 499, 188 (2013).

[3] B. Zhen*, C. W. Hsu* et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 257401 (2014).

[4] B. Zhen*, C. W. Hsu* et al., Nature 525, 354 (2015).

[5] H. Zhou et al., Science, eaap9859 (2018).

[6] C. W. Hsu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 223901 (2015).

[7] C. W. Hsu et al., Nature Physics 13, 497 (2017).

To add a speaker, send an email to phys-speakers@Virginia.EDU. Please include the seminar type (e.g. Colloquia), date, name of the speaker, title of talk, and an abstract (if available).