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Atomic Physics Seminars
Monday, March 23, 2009
Physics Building, Room 313
Note special time.
Note special room.
[Host: Cass Sackett]
"The Superfluidity of Dipolar Fermi Gases"
With the recent advances in cooling of heteronuclear dipolar molecules
to their rovibrational ground state, the prospect of ultra-cold gases
of fermionic dipoles in the lab is becoming realistic. Accordingly,
the low energy collective excitations have been calculated for a
uniform single-species polarized gas of fermionic dipoles below the
superfluid critical temperature in the dilute BCS regime. Its
behaviour differs strongly from the standard s-wave BCS gas due to a
node line in its quasiparticle excitation spectrum that resembles that
in the hypothetical polar phase of He-3 and exotic superconductors.
One finds: (1) Appreciable damping of collective modes occurs even at
T=0 and far below the sound velocity. (2) An ``aligned superfluid''
regime with no analogue in the s-wave-interacting gas, occurs for
temperatures greater than the excitation energy. Here good quality
superfluidity occurs only in directions concentrated broadly around
the polarisation, whereas other directions are strongly damped.
Furthermore, in the "good" direction, this aligned superfluidity is much less damped than at T=0.
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