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Condensed Matter Seminars

ics Condensed Matter
Thursday, September 17, 2009
4:00 PM
Physics Building, Room 204
Note special time.
Note special room.
Alioscia Hamma [Host: Israel Klich]
Perimeter Institute
"Toric-boson model: Toward a topological quantum memory at finite temperature"
 
 Slideshow (PDF)
ABSTRACT:
We discuss the existence of stable topological quantum memory at finite temperature. At stake here is the fundamental question of whether it is, in principle, possible to store quantum information for macroscopic times without the intervention from the external world, that is, without error correction. We study the toric code in two dimensions with an additional bosonic field that couples to the defects, in the presence of a generic environment at finite temperature: the toric-boson model. Although the coupling constants for the bare model are not finite in the thermodynamic limit, the model has a finite spectrum. We show that in the topological phase, there is a finite temperature below which open strings are confined and therefore the lifetime of the memory can be made arbitrarily (polynomially) long in system size. The interaction with the bosonic field yields a long-range attractive force between the end points of open strings but leaves closed strings and topological order intact.
SLIDESHOW:

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