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Condensed Matter Seminars

ics Condensed Matter
Thursday, January 28, 2010
4:00 PM
Physics Building, Room 204
Note special time.
Note special room.
Oliver Pieper [Host: Seunghun Lee]
Helmholtz- Zentrum Berlin
"Orbital ordering in CaV 2 O 4 : A neutron scattering study"
CaV 2 O 4 is a quasi-one dimensional spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnet. The magnetism arises from the partially filled t 2g- levels of the V 3+- ions, which in addition give an orbital degree of freedom to the system. In contrast to the isovalent vanadium spinel compounds, the low dimensionality in CaV 2 O 4 already arises from the crystal structure. It contains weakly coupled double-chains of edge-sharing VO 6 octahedra, where the particular octahedral staggering creates a zigzag-like arrangement of the vanadium ions. This in return gives rise to strong magnetic direct exchange interactions between nearest and next nearest neighbor vanadium ions and to geometrical frustration. However, the strength of the exchange interactions is strongly influenced by the particular occupation of the t 2g- orbitals. Depending on the type and degree of octahedral distortion, the system can be interpreted as a frustrated Haldane chain or a spin-1 ladder. We have used single crystal neutron diffraction and neutron spectroscopy to determine the spin structure as well as the complex excitation spectrum of CaV 2 O 4 . The results are analyzed theoretically and from this the leading exchange paths are deduced and discussed in terms of orbital ordering.

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