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Condensed Matter Seminars

ics Condensed Matter
Thursday, April 27, 2006
4:00 PM
Physics Building, Room 204
Note special time.
Note special room.
Leah Chock [Host: Jongsoo Yoon]
Naval Research Laboratories
"Desynchronization and Spatial Effects in Multistrain Diseases"
ABSTRACT:
Dengue fever, a multi-strain disease, has four distinct co-existing serotypes (strains). The serotypes interact by antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE), in which infection with a single serotype is asymptomatic, but contact with a second serotype leads to serious illness accompanied by greater infectivity. It has been observed from serotype data that outbreaks of the four serotypes occur asynchronously (Nisalak et al., Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 68: 192). We present a compartmental model for multiple serotypes with ADE, and consider autonomous, seasonally driven, and stochastic versions of the model. For sufficiently small ADE, we find that the number of infectives of each serotype synchronizes, with outbreaks occurring in phase. However, when the ADE increases past a threshold, the system becomes chaotic, and infectives of each serotype desynchronize. Spatial effects are included in a multipatch model. We observe desynchronization between spatially distinct regions.

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