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ics Colloquium
Friday, February 4, 2011
4:00 PM
Physics Building, Room 204
Note special time.
Israel Klich [Host: Joe Poon]
University of Virginia
"Entanglement and Entropy in many body systems"
As physical systems are cooled down, their properties may no longer be described in classical terms, and we enter a quantum regime. Perhaps the most fascinating quantum property is entanglement. Recently, with understanding of entanglement between a few particles, many-body entanglement has received great interest in such varied fields as condensed matter, cosmology and quantum information. Indeed, the scaling of entanglement in large systems is a sensitive measure of the nature of interactions and phases. In contrast with typical thermodynamical behavior, the entanglement entropy of a sub region in a physical system often grows as it's boundary area, and not as its volume. In this talk, I will describe such “area laws”, their appearance and relation to quantum phase transitions. I will also discuss a yet more detailed analysis of such entanglement, known as entanglement spectrum. Finally, I will exhibit a universal relation between entanglement and statistics of current flowing through a quantum point contact, which provides a way to experimentally measure entanglement entropy.

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